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解读2015年政府工作报告16个改革重点

bbin体育ZUOZHE: admin  FABIAORIQI: 2016-04-10

 2015NIANSHIZHONGGUOQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEDEGUANJIANZHINIAN,SHI“SHIERWU”GUIHUASHOUGUANHE“SHISANWUGUIHUA”GANGYAOBIANZHIZHINIAN,ZHONGYANGZHENGFUGONGZUOBUSHUSHOUDAOJIGAODEGUANZHU。3YUE5RI,GUOWUYUANZONGLILIKEQIANGYONGLE1XIAOSHI40FENZHONGXIANGQUANGUORENDABAOGAOLEZHENGFUGONGZUO,QIZHONGYONGLE2/3DEPIANFUCHANSHULE2015NIANGONGZUOZONGTIBUSHU。ZHONGGUORENMINDAXUEZHONGYANGJINRONGYANJIUYUANLIANGHUIJIEDUXIANGMUZU,JIUQIZHONGDE17XIANGZHONGDAGAIGECUOSHIJINXINGLELUOLIEJIJIEDU。

  1、行政改革: 简政放权、放管结合

bbin体育   ZHENGFUYOUQUANLI,DANLIKEQIANGZONGLISHUO,“YOUQUANBUKERENXING”,BURENXINGDEZHENGFUSHILIANJIEZHENGFU、FAZHIZHENGFUDEZHONGYAOJICHU。2014NIANYIQUANNIANQUXIAOHEXIAFANG246XIANGXINGZHENGSHENPISHIXIANG,2015NIANYAOQUANBUQUXIAOFEIXINGZHENGXUKESHENPI,JINYIBUJIANHUAZHUCEZIBENDENGJI,ZHIDINGSHICHANGZHUNRUFUMIANQINGDAN。JIANLIQUANGUOTONGYIDESHEHUIXINYONGDAIMAZHIDUHEXINYONGXINXIGONGXIANGJIAOHUANPINGTAI。HENMINGXIAN,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUJIANGJINYIBUXIANG“JIANZHENG”ZHENGFUDEFANGXIANGFAZHAN。DANMUQIANYIXIEDIFANGZHENGFURENGYOUWOZHEYIXIEFEIXINGZHENGDESHENPIQUAN,LINGJIAOYICHENGBENCHIXUGAOANG。CISHI,SUOYOUDESHICHANGZHUTIHUOXUYINGWENYIJU: NINTINGZONGLIHUALEMA?

  2、结构改革: 多元投资、大众消费

bbin体育   YAO“BENXIAOKANG”,JIUYAOZHUANGSHANGXINDE“FADONGJI”。2015NIANZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAOZHONGTANDAO,QIDONGSHISHIYIPIXINDEZHONGDAGONGCHENGXIANGMU,DANZHENGFUBUCHANG“DUJIAOXI”,YAOGENGDAJIFAMINJIANTOUZIHUOLI,YINDAOSHEHUIZIBENTOUXIANGGENGDUOLINGYU。JUTOULU,GUOQUYINIAN,QUANGUOXINZENGTOUZI50WANYIYUAN,ZHENGFUBOKUANTOUZIJIN1WANYIYUAN,ZHEISHIHAODESHEHUIZHENGZHAO。HUIXIAOXICHENGDAHE,RANGYIWANQUNZHONGDEXIAOFEIQIANLI、TOUZIQIANLIBUDUANZENGZHANG,CAISHICHENGWEILADONGJINGJIZENGZHANGDEQIANGJINGDONGLI。HENMINGXIAN,2015NIAN,RUHEJIFASHEHUIDENENGLIANG,GULITOUZIREQING,QUANMINXIESHOUCHUANGFU,SHIZHENGFUDEYIDAGONGZUOZHONGDIAN。

  3、财税改革: 全面公开、调整责权

  ZHENGFUDEQIANDOUHUADAONALIQULE?WANGSHANGJIUNENGJIANDU!ZHEIJIANGZAI2015NIANCHENGWEIXIANSHI。JIANGYAOSHIXINGDEQUANMIANGUIFAN、GONGKAITOUMINGDEYUSUANGUANLIZHIDUYAOQIU,CHUFADINGSHEMIXINXIWAI,ZHONGYANGHEDIFANGSUOYOUBUMENYUJUESUANDOUYAOGONGKAI,QUANMIANJIESHOUSHEHUIJIANDU。ZHENGFUXIANGBAIXINGZUOCHUDECHENGNUO,YOUCAILIWANCHENGMA?GAIGEZHUANYIZHIFUZHIDU,WANSHANZHONGYANGHEDIFANGDESHIQUANYUZHICHUZEREN,HELIDIAOZHENGZHONGYANGHEDIFANGSHOURUHUAFEN。YIWANG“DIFANGZHENGFUCAIYUANSHAO、ZHICHUQUEDUO”DEJUMIANJINNIANJIANGBEIGAIBIAN。

  4、金融改革: 放开民营、深化市场

  LAOBAIXINGYEKEYIKAIYINXINGMA?《ZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAO》HUIDA: “JUBEITIAOJIAN,CHENGSHUYIJIA,PIZHUNYIJIA,BUSHEXIANE”。CUNZAIYINXINGLIDEQIAN,YOUBAOZHANGMA?2015NIANJIANGYAOTUICHUCUNKUANBAOXIANZHIDU,BINGQIEYAOJIAQIANGDUOCENGCIZIBENSHICHANGTIXIbbinTIYU,SHISHIGUPIAOFAXINGZHUCEZHIGAIGE,FAZHANbbinTIYUZHONGXIAOQIYEDEQUYUXINGGUQUANSHICHANG,TUIJINXINDAIZICHANZHENGQUANHUA,KUODAQIYEZHAIQUANFAXINGGUIMO,FAZHANJINRONGYANSHENGPINSHICHANG。ZONGZHI,JIUSHIYAORANGTOUZIZHEYOUGENGDUOZHUANQIANDEQUDAO、RANGYINXINGYOUGENGDUOZENGZHIDEBANFA,PUHUIDAZHONG。CHUGUOLVYOU、TOUZI,DAIZHERENMINBICHUMENJIUKEYIMA?JINNIAN,JIANGYAOJIAKUAIbbinTIYURENMINBIKUAJINGZHIFUXITONG,WANSHANRENMINBIQUANQIUQINGSUANbbinTIYUTIXI,KAIZHANGERENTOUZIZHEJINGWAITOUZISHIDIAN,RENMINBICHENGWEI“SHIJIERENMINDEHUOBI”DERIZIBINGBUTAIYUANLE。

  5、企业改革: 国企分类、非公搞活

bbin体育   QUANMINSUOYOUZHIQIYE,YOUWOYIFENERMA?JINNIAN,GUOQIGAIGEYAO“ZHUNQUEJIEDINGBUTONGGUOYOUQIYEGONGNENG,FENLEITUIJINGAIGE”,DUIBUTONGLEIBIEDEGUOQI,JIANGGENJUFENLEILAITUIJINCHENGLIGUOYOUZIBENTOUZIGONGSI、YUNYINGGONGSISHIDIAN,ZHEIXIEGUOYOUZIBENTOUZIGONGSI、YUNYINGGONGSIJIANGTUIJINHUNHESUOYOUZHIDENGGAIGEJUCUO,“ZUOGUOQIDEGUDONG”BUZAISHIMENGXIANG。ERDUIYUFEIGONGYOUZHIQIYE,ZEYAO“ZHUZHONGFAHUIQIYEJIACAINENG,ZENGQIANGGELEISUOYOUZHIJINGJIHUOLI”,YOUBENSHIDE,SHIJINGERSHANG!

  6、扩大开放: 升级外贸、加快自贸

bbin体育   ZAIWANGSHANGJIUNENGBADONGXIMAIDAOQUANSHIJIEQU,HAINENGZHAOGELAOWAIDANGHEHUOREN,ANPIFAJIAMAIYANGHUO!JINNIAN,JIANGYAOFAZHANWAIMAOZONGHEbbinTIYUPINGTAIHESHICHANGCAIGOUMAOYI,KUODAKUAJINGDIANZISHANGWUZONGHESHIDIAN,BAWAISHANGTOUZIXIANZHILEITIAOMUSUOJIANYIBAN,ZUBUCHUHU,SHENGYIBIANQUANQIU。YAOXIANG“ZOUCHUQU”DEHUA,TIANDIYEJIANGGENGJIAGUANGKUO、DAYOUKEWEI!ZHENGFUJIANGGULIQIYECANYUJINGWAIJICHUSHESHIbbinTIYUHECHANNENGHEZUO,TUIDONGTIELU、DIANLI、TONGXIN、GONGCHENGJIXIEYIJIQICHE、FEIJI、DIANZIDENGZHONGGUOZHUANGBEIZOUXIANGSHIJIE。“ZOUCHUQU”ZHIHOU,WONENGSHIYING“WAIGUOTUZHENGCE”MA?HUIBUHUI“SHUITUBUFU”?FANGXIN!ZHONGGUOJIANGGOUJIAN“QUANFANGWEIDUIWAIKAIFANGXINGEJU”,TUIJIN“YIDAIYILU”、JIAKUAISHISHIZIMAOQUZHANLVE,JIAKUAIYUHAN、AO、HAIWANGUOJIA、YISELIE、DONGMENGDENGQIANSHUZIMAOQUXIEYI,HAIJIANGbbinTIYUGENGJIAGUANGKUODE“YATAIZIMAOQU”。ZHONGGUOLU,QUANQIUTONG!

  7、“三农”改革: 保障粮食、提高民生

bbin体育   GENGDIYAOZENGJIALE,ZILAISHUIYAOJINHULE,SUOYOUNONGMINDOUNENGYONGSHANGDIANLE!YAORANGNONGYEGENGQIANG、NONGMINGENGFU、NONGCUNGENGMEI。JINNIANLIANGSHICHANLIANGYAOWENDINGZAI1.1WANYIJINYISHANG,YOULIANGXINBUHUANG。18YIMUGENGDIHONGXIANYAOJIANCHI,YONGJIUJIBENNONGTIANYAOHUADING,GENGDIZHILIANGYAOBAOHU,TUDIZHENGZHIYAOTUIJIN,ZENGJIASHENSONGTUDI2YIMU。6000WANNONGCUNRENKOUJINNIANYAOHESHANGGANJINGSHUI,20WANGONGLINONGCUNGONGLUXINJIANGAIJIAN,LIZHENGRANGZUIHOU20DUOWANWUDIANRENKOUDOUNENGYONGSHANGDIAN,SHIXIANQUANMINYONGDIAN。WENDINGJIATINGJINGYING,ZHICHIZHONGYANGDAHU、JIATINGNONGMUCHANG、NONGMINHEZUOSHE、CHANYEHUALONGTOUQIYE,PEIYANG“XINXINGZHIYENONGMIN”。ZHENGDIZENMEGAI,“XIAOCHANQUAN”FANGZENMEBAN,bbinTIYUYONGDIRUSHIZENMETUIJIN?GAIGESHIDIANYAOSHENSHENTUIJIN。

  8、新型城镇: 危房改造、落户放宽

bbin体育   CHENGZHENHUAJIUSHIJIANFANGZIMA?“SHUICHENG”、“GUICHENG”DENGXIANXIANGZENYANGHUANJIE?JINGJINJIDENGCHENGSHIQUNRUHEYITIHUA?2015NIANGAOCHENGZHENHUA,GUANJIANSHIYIRENWEIZHONGXIN: YAOGAIZAOPENGHUQUHECHENGXIANGWEIFANG;ZHUAJINGAIGEHUJI,NONGMINHECHENGLIRENJIEXIANDAPOLE;ZANZHUZHENGMANMANYINQULE,JUZHUZHENGRANG“BEIPIAO”“SHANGPIAO”“GUANGPIAO”MENKANDEQIBING、MAIDEDAOFANG、SHANGDELEXUE;CHENGSHIQUNYITIHUA,GUIHUAXIANXING,YOUXUTUIJIN。XINXINGCHENGZHENHUA,JINGJIFAZHANDEYOUYIGEHUOCHETOU,YESHILAOBAIXINGXIANGSHOUPINGDENGFULIDEZHIDUBAOZHANG。

  9、产业升级: 大力创新、争夺高地

bbin体育   QIANYOUOUMEIDUJIE,HOUYOUYINDUZHUIGAN,WAIYOUBILEIDAYA,NEIYOUWUMAIKUNRAO,“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO”RUHETUWEI?2015NIANDEDAAN: SHISHI“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025”,TUIDONGCHANYEJIEGOUMAIXIANGZHONGGAODUAN。JIAKUAICONGZHIZAODAGUOZHUANXIANGZHIZAOQIANGGUO,BUNENGZHIZUOSHIJIEGONGCHANG,HAIYAOZUOSHIJIECHUANGXINGONGCHANG。HULIANWANGHEXIANDAIZHIZAOYEYAO“RELIAN”,GONGYEHUAHEXINXIHUAYAOSHENDURONGHE,KAIFALIYONGWANGLUOHUA、SHUZIHUA、ZHINENGHUADENGJISHU。ZHINENGJIQIREN、YUNJISUAN、DASHUJU、WULIANWANG……SHIBUSHITINGQILAIJIUGAODASHANG?YAOBAYIPIXINXINGCHANYEPEIYUCHENGZHUDAOCHANYE,ZHIDING“HULIANWANG ”XINGDONGJIHUA,CUJINDIANZISHANGWU、GONGYEHULIANWANGHEHULIANWANGJINRONGJIANKANGFAZHAN,YINDAOHULIANWANGQIYETUOZHANGUOJISHICHANG。ZHIZAOYAOSHANGQU,WURANYAOXIALAI。ZHIYOUXIANGSHANGZOU,CAINENGXIANGQIANZOU。

  10、民生改革: 促进就业、增进福祉

  JINNIANLAI,SUOWEIDE“ALABOZHICHUN”、OUMEISHEHUIDEYOUXINGYUSAOLUANDOUSHUOMING,GAOJIUYELV,SHIYIGEGUOJIAWENDINGDEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG。JINNIANGAOXIAOBIYESHENG749WANREN,WEILISHIZUIGAO,SHIXIANGAOJIUYELV,ZHENGFUHESHEHUIDEYALIHENDA。2015NIAN,ZHENGFUJIANGDALIZUOHAOJIEGOUDIAOZHENG、GUOSHENGCHANNENGHUAJIEZHONGSHIYERENYUANDEZAIJIUYEGONGZUO。TONGCHOUNONGCUNZHUANYILAODONGLI、CHENGZHENKUNNANRENYUAN、TUIYIJUNRENJIUYE,SHISHINONGMINGONGZHIYEJINENGTISHENGJIHUA。SHEBAOFUDUYEHUIZENGJIA。TONGSHI,JIANGDISHIYEBAOXIAN、GONGSHANGBAOXIANDENGJIAOFEILV。JIGUANSHIYEDANWEIDEYANGLAOBAOXIANZHIDUGAIGECUOSHI,JIANGSHEJISHUQIANWANREN。ZAIXIANYIXIAJIGUANJIANLIGONGWUYUANZHIWUHEZHIJIBINGXINGZHIDU,JIAQIANGZHONGTEDAJIBINGYILIAOJIUZHU,QUANMIANSHISHILINSHIJIUZHUZHIDU,RANGYUDAOJINANTEKUNDEQUNZHONGQIUZHUYOUMEN、SHOUZHUJISHI。MINSHENGZUOHAODE,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUXIANGDUIYUQUANSHIJIEDEYOUYUEXINGCAINENGGENGQIANGDESHUOFULI。

  11、教育发展: 促进公平,高校转型

  2014NIANXINWENPINKUNZIDISHANGZHONGDIANGAOXIAOLIANXULIANGNIANZENGZHANG10%,2015NIANJIANGHUIJIXUCUJINJIAOYUGONGPINGFAZHANHEZHILIANGTISHENG,QIZHONGBAOKUOJIAKUAIYIWUJIAOYUXUEXIAOBIAOZHUNHUAbbinTIYU,GAISHANBORUOXUEXIAOHEJISUZHIXUEXIAOJIBENBANXUETIAOJIAN,LUOSHINONGMINGONGSUIQIANZINVZAILIURUDIJIESHOUYIWUJIAOYUZHENGCE。JIAOYUSHIZHONGGUOMINGTIANDEXIWANG,SHIGAIBIANZISHENMINGYUNDEZHONGYAOTUJING。ZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAOZHONGTIDAO,“BUFENGAOXIAOBANXUEZHILIANGBUGAO,YINGGAIXIANGGENGJIASHIYONGXINGDEZHIYEJIAOYUZHUANBIAN”。2015NIAN,GELEIXUEXIAOGAIGEDERENWUBUQING。

  12、卫生改革: 提高医保、普惠基层

bbin体育   MEIGUOTUIXINGBANGEDUOSHIJIMEIYOUSHIXIANDEQUANMINYIBAO,ZAIZHONGGUOSHIXIANDESUDUMINGXIANKUAIDEDUO。MUQIANQUANMINYIBAOFUGAIMIANCHAOGUO95%,2015NIANDEZHONGDIANSHI,GULIYISHENGDAOJICENGDUODIANZHIYE,FAZHANSHEHUIBANYI,FANGBIANJIYINONGMINJIUDIJIUJINKANBINGJIUYI。TONGSHI,JIANGCHENGXIANGJUMINJIBENYIBAOCAIZHENGBUZHUBIAOZHUNYOUMEIRENMEINIAN320YUANTIGAODAO380YUAN,QUANMIANSHISHICHENGXIANGJUMINDABINGBAOXIANZHIDU。JIAQIANGQUANKEYISHENGZHIDUbbinTIYU,WANSHANFENJIZHENLIAOTIXI。HELIDIAOZHENGYILIAObbinTIYUJIAGE,TONGGUOYIBAOZHIFUDENGFANGSHIPINGHENGFEIYONG,NULIJIANQINGQUNZHONGFUDAN。JIJIFAZHANZHONGYIYAOHEMINZUYIYAOSHIYE,ZUIZHONGDAZAOYIGEJIANKANGZHONGGUO。

  13、文化改革: 书香社会、bbin体育均等

  ZHONGGUORENBUNENGZAIBEIYULUNXIAOWEI“MEIWENHUA”LE。2015NIANZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAOZHONGZHUYIDAOZHEIYIDIAN,SUOYITIDAOLEYIGEXINCI,JIAOZHONGGUOYAOJIAN“SHUXIANGSHEHUI”。ZHONGDIANDECUOSHIHENDUO,QIZHONGJIANGDAOCHANGDAOQUANMINYUEDU,ZHUBUTUIJINJIBENGONGGONGWENHUAbbinTIYUBIAOZHUNHUAJUNDENGHUA,KUODAGONGGONGWENHUASHESHIMIANFEIKAIFANGFANWEI,FAHUIJICENGZONGHEXINGWENHUAbbinTIYUZHONGXINZUOYONG,CUJINCHUANTONGMEITIYUXINXINGMEITIRONGHEFAZHAN。FAZHANQUANMINJIANSHEN、JINGJITIYUHETIYUCHANYE,DOUYULAOBAIXINGQIESHENLIYIXIANGGUAN。DUSHU、YOUWENHUA,YINGSHIGUOYIFENYOUZUNYANSHENGHUODEZHONGYAOJICHU。

  14、环境治理: 铁腕治污,环保税法

  ZONGLIBAZHIWUHUANBAOBICHENGYICHANGZHANZHENG,QIESHIYICHANGQUANMINZHANZHENG。ZHANGJINDABANNIANDEQINGKUANGKAN,JIANPAI、WUMAIDEQUEYOUHAOZHUAN。RANER,HEHUANJINGZHILIDEGONGJIANZHAN,BUZHISHIYIBUJILUPIANNENGWANCHENGDE,YEBUNENGZHISHIHUYU,ZHENGFUYAOYOUDAZUOWEI。2015NIAN,ZHENGFUYAOSHENRUSHISHIDAQIWURANFANGZHIXINGDONGJIHUA,TUIGUANGXINNENGYUANQICHE,TIGAOYOUPINBIAOZHUNHEZHILIANG,NIANDIQIANQUANBUTAOTAIHUANGBIAOCHE;SHISHISHUIWURANFANGZHIXINGDONGJIHUA。DUIYUJIENENGCHANYEERYAN,2015NIANYAOZHONGSHIZHEIJUHUA: ZHENGFU“BAJIENENGHUANBAOCHANYEDAZAOCHENGXINXINGDEZHIZHUCHANYE。”LINGWAI,ZUOHAOHUANBAOSHUILIFAGONGZUO,DUITOUPAITOUFANGZHECHUZHONGQUAN,RANGQIFUCHUCHENZHONGDEDAIJIA;DUIGUXIZONGRONGZHEYANWENZE,SHIQISHOUDAOYINGYOUDECHUFA。bbinTIYUQIDAI,HUANBAOBULIDE“DALAOHU”LUOMA。

  15、决策改革: 依宪施政、重视智库

  ZHENGFUJUECE,YAOZUNFA、XUEFA、SHOUFA、YONGFA。2015NIAN,YAORANGZHENGFUYIFAQUANMIANLVXINGZHIZE,SUOYOUXINGZHENGXINGWEIDOUYAOYUFAYOUJU,RENHEZHENGFUBUMENDOUBUDEFAWAISHEQUAN。LIKEQIANGZONGLIZHEIGEHUASHUODEHENYOUFENLIANG,DANGUANJIANYAOKANRUHESHENHUAXINGZHENGZHIFATIZHIGAIGE,JIJITUIJINJUECEKEXUEHUAMINZHUHUA,ZHONGSHIFAHUIZHIKUZUOYONG,WANSHANXINCHANGTAIXIADEZHENGJIKAOHEPINGJIAJIZHI。ZHENGFUBUJINYAODALIFANFUBAI,HAIYAODAJIBUZUOWEI、LUANZUOWEI,ZHEIGENULIYAODALIDIANZAN。

  16、军事改革: 全民国防、军民融合

  JUNDUIFUBAI,ZHONGCHUANGLEJUNDUIDEXINGXIANG;GUOJIYALI,YOUPOSHIJUNSHIGAIGE。2015NIAN“JIEFANGJUNSHUSHU”DEYALIHENZHONG。QUANMIANJIAQIANGXIANDAIHOUQINbbinTIYU,TIGAOGUOFANGHEJUNDUIbbinTIYUFAZHIHUASHUIPING,SHIJUNSHIGUANLIZHIDUGAIGEDEGUANJIAN。CIWAI,HAIYAOZENGQIANGQUANMINGUOFANGYISHI,TUIJINGUOFANGDONGYUANHEHOUBEILILIANGbbinTIYU。RUHEHUIFU“JUNMINYUSHUIQING”,RANGJUNDUIZHENZHENGYOUZHANDOULI,SHI2015NIANGUOFANGYUJUNSHIbbinTIYUWUBIZHUYIDEZHONGDIAN。

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